Working life skills

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Video: How does online learning benefit students who want to develop working-life skills?

WORKING LIFE SKILLS: How does online learning benefit students who want to develop working-life skills?

Added Value:

  • Students who experience digital literacy as an embedded working-life skill are better able to understand that choice of medium changes the interpretation of the content [1], [2].
  • Digital literacy can create the foundation for understanding academic work and life as a social activity, and therefore can also reinforce the social function of a student’s contribution [1], [3].
  • Digital literacy supports the conscious construction of online identity, or “digital citizenship,” as the student moves from university to professional life [4], [5].
  • Online learning can facilitate students’ economic, political, and civic engagement within society [6], [7].


  • Teachers must become digitally literate, and universities must adopt criteria and training to develop and assess digital literacy in teachers [8].
  • Appropriate digital tools must be obtained and teachers trained in how to use them [2], [8].
  • University administration should acknowledge the financial costs associated with implementing and supporting this training [8].


[1] D. Murdoch‐Eaton & S. Whittle, “Generic skills in medical education: developing the tools for successful lifelong learning,” Medical Education, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 120-128, 2012.

[2] National Research Council, “Education for life and work: Developing transferable knowledge and skills in the 21st century,” National Academies Press, 2013.

[3] S. Fallows & C. Steven, “Building employability skills into the higher education curriculum: A university-wide initiative,” Education + Training, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 75-83, 2000.

[4] J. Ohler, “Digital citizenship means character education for the digital age,” Kappa Delta Pi Record, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 25-27, 2011.

[5] D.S. White & A. Le Cornu, “Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement,” First Monday, vol. 16, no. 9, 2011.

[6] K. Mossberger, C.J. Tolbert, & R.S. McNeal. Digital citizenship: The Internet, society, and participation. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2008.

[7] A. Martin, “Digital literacy and the ‘digital society,’”Digital Literacies: Concepts, Policies and Practices, vol. 30, pp. 151-176, 2012.

[8] European Commission, “Digital Education Action Plan and Staff Working Document,” Jan 2018.